Tuesday, July 17, 2018

The Old and the New

The Old and the New
Two striking aspects of the UFO mystery have been preoccupying me a lot lately. 

The Old – the 150th anniversary this year of the enduring mystery of the UFO vision of the “flying ark” that landed in Parramatta Park, Parramatta, on the night of 25-26th July 1868 – the wonderful vision of Frederick William Birmingham – which in some ways can be called the Parramatta Park Prophecy. This is a story that has haunted me since I first became aware of it during 1975.
On Sunday 29th July 2018, from 2 pm I will be undertaking a walk which will take in the main locations and elements of this historic "Oz File" (or "X-File"). If people are interested in joining me for this walk (which will begin outside Birmingham's home - now 1 Trott Street Parramatta and then take in  Lennox Bridge which he named, and Parramatta Park - the focus of his "UFO vision" and the "prophecy" it suggested - a focus of early aviation efforts in Australia - the location of Australia's first pilot Billy Hart's landing in Australia's first air race) I will provide a commentary, and for a donation of $20, a copy of a souvenir guide to the event, the experience and the walk.  People wishing to join me should register their interest via email to billozfiles@tpg.com.au and they must understand they undertake the walk at their own risk.
The New – the fascinating Port Jervis New York UFO encounter of 25 November 2009.  This case was initially reported as an intriguing example of a “car stop” case.  For me, it became even more intriguing when I learnt that it might be a remarkable example of a type of UFO phenomena that I had been studying for some time, namely “solid light.” This aspect was not evident in the initial public MUFON reporting of the case and became a contested part of the case when primary MUFON investigator Chuck Modlin described the event in the Canadian Close Encounters TV series during 2013.  In the show the episode dealing with the case – “Christmas Lights” – included me talking about the phenomenon of “solid lights” in a generic way. I had gone to Toronto to be filmed in a number of specific cases.  My linkage to the Port Jervis case was unknown to me until I saw the early drafts of the episode.  Up until then I merely knew the case to be a striking recent example of a “car-stop” case, often referred to a possible “EM” or “electromagnetic” car-stop case, the latter, because of the sense of a possible mechanism for the apparent stopping of a car.

The 1868 case was discussed in my UFO Truth column back in issue 5 (January/February 2014): “Frederick William Birmingham: 19th century Australian UFO witness & early aviation visionary.”  This case will be included in an entry I have written for the forthcoming 3rd edition of Jerome Clark’s book “The UFO Encyclopedia.”  My account in the early UFO Truth column did not include much detail on the July 1868 incident and was more of an overall case study investigation report into its historical verification.  Given that this column will come out about the time of the actual 150th anniversary – July 2018 – I have included here Birmingham's detailed account of his 1868 vision:
“A UFO VISION” IN 1868 “A Machine to go through the Air”
Is this a photo of Frederick William Birmingham?
Taken in 1868 by Henry Burgin. 
Birmingham in a Parramatta council meeting 
a few years earlier was responsible for naming Lennox Bridge.
The Memorandum book, A.D. 1873, attributed to the hand of one “Fred. Wm. Birmingham, C.E. & Lic. Surveyor, Parramatta, Australia,” gives an account of an "aerial machine”—“A machine to go through the air":
On the night of the 25th–26th July Anno Domino [original spelling] 1868, I had a wonderful dream—a vision . . . .
Birmingham described standing under the verandah of his rented cottage in Duck’s Lane, Parramatta, when he saw up in the sky, to the northeast, the passage of a bizarre apparitional procession of the faces of two prominent people of the state (that of the Lord Bishop of Sydney and the premier of the state), moving one after the other! The first “travelled to the east it dimmed—just as one loses his focus by quickly drawing in or out the slide of a telescope.” The second appeared twice, dimming like the first, then moved away in another direction.
Birmingham dropped his gaze to ponder the strange and confronting display. “After some considerable time I determined to look at the head or heads again. . .,” but they were gone.
I retraced the course the head had taken and just in the spot where I first saw the head I saw an “Ark” and while looking at it—moving along the same track as the head had taken—I said to myself aloud, “Well that is a beautiful vessel.” I had no sooner ended the sentence than I was made aware that I was not alone, for to my right hand and a little to the rear of my frontage a distinct voice said, slowly—“That’s a machine to go through the air.”
In a little time I replied—“It appears to me more like a vessel for going upon the water, but, at all events, it’s the loveliest thing I ever saw.”
I then felt that somehow or another the spirit and I were as it may have been spiritually on the highest part of the Parramatta Park."
By this time, “the machine” had moved through the air in a zigzag fashion, “then quite, stopped, the forward motion and descended some twenty feet or so as gently as a feather on the grass,” at a distance of about 20 yards from Birmingham and the “spirit.”
Birmingham described the ark in the following way:
. . . though a brown colour (rubber!) all over at a distance . . . its peculiar shapings are well impressioned upon my mind and the colour seemed to blend with faint, flitting shades of steel blue, below and appearing tremulous and like what one might term magnified scales on a large fish, the latter being as it were flying in the air, (the machine has not the shape of anything that has life).
The “spirit” was described by Birmingham as being “like a neutral tint shade [white?—B. C.] and the shape of a man in his usual frock dress.”
It said to him, “Have you a desire or do you wish to enter upon it?” Birmingham replied, “Yes.”
“Then come”—said the spirit, thereupon we were lifted off the grass and gently carried through the air and onto the upper part of the machine. . . .
On the machine, the spirit showed Birmingham two cylinders, located at the front and back of it, indicating their purpose, “by downward motion of hand.”
The spirit beckoned the surveyor to enter the “pilot house” [as Birmingham termed a part of the machine] saying, “Step in.” Birmingham described how he went down about three steep steps. They led into the pilot house room, which was about three and a half feet lower than the deck of the machine. The only feature of the room was a table, about five feet by three and a half feet and two and a half feet high covered with material like oilskin, “or perhaps iron covered with rubber cloth tightly.” About two feet separated the table and the walls of the room.  Birmingham referred to how, “everything appeared very strong, the sides I noticed were extremely thick, about six inches—and I [then] wondered why they were so strong in ‘a machine to go through the air.’”
Birmingham’s surprise is consistent with the contemporary conviction that flight would only be achieved with lighter-than-air “machines,” namely balloons, and later the “airships.” Jules Verne in his prophetic book, Robur the Conqueror (or The Clipper of the Clouds), published in 1886, not only pre-empted the American “airship” waves in 1896 and 1897, but anticipated the future of “heavier-than-air” aerial machines.
Standing alone at the rear end of the table, whereupon he rested one hand, Birmingham began to repent agreeing to “entering upon” the “ark.”
I felt miserably queer—just like one who undertaking a billet or post he knows nothing of. So I remained for some considerable time, when I was aroused as it were from my reverie by the voice of the spirit on my right hand, who said, “Here are some papers for your guidance.”
The hand of the spirit was resting on the table and within it were several printed papers. The first paper was covered with figures and formulae.
. . . Thinking the formulae and figures of other kinds might be too intricate for my comprehension I said to the spirit—"Oh! Will I want them?” The spirit replied slowly, but with marked emphasis, “It is absolutely necessary that you should know these things, but, you can study them as you go on.”
. . . I again cast down my eyes between my hands as it were on the table and considering silently the words of the holy spirit and when I looked about I found I was alone in the ark!
So I fell, I suppose, into my usual sleeping state, and waking next morning deeply impressed with that vision of the night. . . .
Birmingham pondered his “vision” occasionally but could only rationalize (to his own satisfaction at least) the first portion, namely that it reminded him “that I must serve God by conforming to the Christian doctrine and laws of his church [Christ’s Bride]. As to the second portion of the vision I could not conclude what it meant—at least in any satisfactory way (“a machine to go through the air”—or in other words, the ark mentioned in the Book of Revelations!)”
Birmingham also described a daylight UFO sighting he made in March 1873.  The 1868 and 1873 events inspired him to try to create a flying machine.  He even made a model and tried to interest parties in both Australia and the United States, but to no avail. 
From  Birmingham’s memorandum book:
1868: “The machine then, quite stopped, the forward motion and descended some twenty feet or so as gently as a feather onto the grass at P.P. (Parramatta Park).”
1873: “...I came down from the hill in the Parramatta Park firmly convinced that the vision was gradually unfolding itself and ‘the machine to go through the air’ was a thing (through God’s mercy) to be accomplished.”
Birmingham’s “vision” and its association with Parramatta Park had its prophetic aspect.  The holder of Australia’s first aerial pilot’s licence was William E. Hart, a Parramatta dentist.  He taught himself to fly a Bristol biplane well enough to qualify for the Royal Aero Club’s Aviator’s Certificate in November 1911. On June 29, 1912, Hart won Australia’s first air race.  He challenged the visiting American flier, “Wizard” Stone, to a 20-mile race for a stake of 250 pounds.  Stone lost his way, landing at Lakemba, but Hart, a much less experienced pilot, finished the flight in 23 minutes and landed as planned in Parramatta Park.
More than 4 decades earlier a Parramatta surveyor – Frederick William Birmingham - had contemplated the meaning of a different “machine to go through the air” - one with striking implications for a modern day mystery that has taken hold - the UFO mystery, the alien abduction experience and now Birmingham’s obsession has potent implications for the early history of aviation in Australia. One wonders what inspired Parramatta dentist William Hart to take up his flying obsession.  Birmingham died in 1892.  Billy Hart was born in Parramatta in 1885.  At a young age he would make objects out of wood and paper and glide them through the air for hours, according to a memoir by Phillip Hart-Johnson.  Billy Hart was his great uncle. He reported that Billy Hart had wanted to be “the Birdman of Parramatta.”  Perhaps Billy Hart had encountered Birmingham in his declining years, his ‘vision” and “obsessions” inspiring the young lad to become himself obsessed with flying.
The old story of Birmingham’s 1868 “UFO vision” continues to haunt.

The new story of the 2009 Port Jervis “car stop” case may even be connected with the breakout New York Times of December 2017 reporting on the secret Pentagon study. The AATIP programme and Robert Bigelow’s BAASS group were focusing on possible disruptive breakthrough technologies that may be involved with UFO or AAV (Advanced Aerial Vehicle) encounters.
The timing of the AATIP’s funded activities and Robert Bigelow’s involvement had me wondering. With MUFON’s James Carrion, Jan Harzan, Chuck Modlin & John Schuessler meeting with Bigelow in 2008, leading to the short lived BAASS/MUFON marriage and AATIP running from 2007 to 2012, at least in terms of funding, I'm wondering if this dynamic at all explains the big disconnect between the public MUFON version of the striking November 2009 Port Jervis close encounter event being a "EM" case and then to have a "hidden" aspect of the case - the possible "solid light" aspect emerge via Chuck Modlin with the Canadian Close Encounters series I was involved with.  I was pushing "solid light cases" with the film group but I was dismayed to have Port Jervis emerge with this aspect, given that up until then it was only viewed as a striking "EM" case.
I learnt that Bigelow was keen to buy the car involved, but I gather the witness did not want to part with it.  I learnt of some of the MUFON data on this case, but it didn't really give any detail on a "solid light" aspect.  Chuck Modlin pushed the “solid light” aspects, previously unknown, in the CE programme coverage of the incident. I was surprised to find myself being used in this episode as up until then I was not aware of the “solid light” aspects of the Port Jervis case.  Neither were my MUFON contacts.  So the question that needs to be asked is whether MUFON publically described a limited account of the case to their membership and to the UFO community, and a more detailed version, incorporating details about “solid light” was communicated to Mr. Bigelow’s organization.

I aired these speculations on my OZ Files blog back on 1 March, which drew a critique from a MUFON board member, but he has since accepted that there does indeed appear to be a “solid light” aspect to the Port Jervis case, particularly after I highlighted that I had contacted Chuck Modlin soon after the Close Encounter segment came to my attention, namely in December 2013.

I had written:
You may have seen the preliminary video without the CGI that had you and Richard Lang talking about the 2009 Port Jervis event.  In that piece I am also included but I am talking generally about "solid light" type cases. 
Robert Powell contacted me as I was included in that incomplete segment.  I told him that I was not speaking with any knowledge of the Port Jervis case.  Indeed up until I saw the preliminary video I saw it mainly as an excellent recent example of an "EM" style "car stop" case and was not aware of any "solid light" dimension to it.
It was not drawn to my attention while I was in Toronto so I assume it came up later.  I had focused through my coverage of a number of cases (1966 Burkes Flat Australia, 1972 Taize France & 1994 Plauen Germany) rather curious "light" aspects and got into "solid light" phenomena in Toronto.
As background, over the last few years, I have been increasing my focus on "solid light" cases worldwide and have received assistance and data from researchers around the world.  Part of my initial motivation was an early 1970s case at Kiama in Australia and a more recent Chinese military case from 1998 which had very striking "solid light" elements.
Here is a link to a piece I did recently which covers some of that background:
http://theozfiles.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/solid-lights-neglected-ufo-science.html
I have also included another similar piece (text only - with photos it's a big file) that was published in the new e-magazine "UFO Truth": "Solid light Descending."
Given this background, you will understand why I am interested in the focus of the "Close Encounter" segment on the Port Jervis event.  The Newroad video implies a discrete "solid light" beam coming down (in a telescope fashion?) impacting on the car in the locality where the high magnetic readings were recorded, as well as you referring to the witness saying the beam stopped 6" from the ground - truncation, another characteristic of solid light cases. 
The only reference I came across in the MUFON database was "When he looked at the lights they seemed very bright but they didn’t illuminate the ground; the witness said he can’t explain this aspect as it doesn’t make any sense to him."   
I have now seen part of the CGI "reconstruction" of the case in the Discovery teaser trailer just released.  It seems to have a very low altitude object and a "solid light" beam coming down onto the "windscreen area."  Is this accurate?
I would be extremely grateful if you are able to tell me as much as possible about this element in the case.  
Was the "solid light" aspect evident from the beginning of the investigation or did it come up later?  
Is there any interview - video/tape - in which the witness describes the detail of the "solid light element?"
As the CGI "recreation" has the beam "impacting" with the windscreen and the voiceover (?) referring to the high Trifield meter readings correlating with the "light beam" impact point - I'm assuming the recreation might not be accurate or incomplete or we haven't seen it all yet.  
How did the witness describe the "beam" appearance, progression", duration, apparent contact location(s) with the car? - was it the windscreen, the bonnet and/or elsewhere?
Was there an actual correlation? I gather the high readings were "full scale" readings, nothing quantitative? 
Was any video taken of the Tri-field meter readings of the car in question and the control vehicle?  I have seen some photos?
If any "beam" contact occurred with the windscreen I am wondering if there was any evaluation of optics/spectral changes in terms of transparency etc referenced with the control vehicle.
Many questions I know, but this "solid light" aspect fascinates me and I am looking for a precise account of it with any witness account of it.
I look forward to hearing from you on this most fascinating case.
Chuck Modlin did respond:
“I remember the event quite well; the beam touched the car from the doors forward. This part of the car became magnetized with the windshield and all parts that were illuminated by the beam. There were a number of strange effects noted; the windshield and the hood of the car seemed to have electrostatic field effect best way I can describe it, feeling like a repulsive field. I did tape the witness remembering what happened, he was going to exit the vehicle opening his door he saw the beam stop 6 inches above the ground. The other effect noted was my instruments which contained metal nickel hydride batteries were drained to zero in about 45 seconds, my Nikon D700 auto-winder pack and the primary battery. My other gauss meters rechargeable battery too. The only meter functioning was my Tri Field meter; it had a Duracell 9 volt battery.
“What was of concerned to me when I tested for an electrostatic field with the Tri Field indicated none present, (I attempted to discharge the vehicle NO effect) my instruments meter reading magnetics’ showed full scale deflection. “I then switched my instrument to read RF no movement of the meter it was indicating zero deflection; which indicated my analog meter movements function was working. Since this case I purchased a gauss meter which is an analog instrument similar to a compass measuring gauss, I also purchased a flat transparent screen with metal filings suspended in oil and a cube with oil and metal filings. These are intended to show a picture of the magnetic flux lines. If you saw the compass readings in the report no matter where we put the compass in the magnetic field it pointed North indicating a possible monopole magnetic, South only; Which is not possible with our current technologies. We can produce one in a lab for a few microseconds. 
“Here are some of my thoughts regarding this case. The video showing the part of the case with the beam going in the window is incorrect it actually illuminated the whole front section of the car to the door posts on both drivers and passenger’s doors. This was one of those cases where I wish I had about 3 more EE's and a like number of PHD physics people at my side trying to explain what we were seeing.
“I hope this gives you some insight to this case it had so much going on it was hard to gather all the facts. I asked the witness to go in and have his oil filter and oil changed at my cost he did not. It sure would have been nice to hand the oil filter to a lab and them explain a monopole oil filter. We have had some Orbs next to other cars which magnetized parts of the vehicles, we now ask to do an oil change and filter change our lab has noted strange changes in the oil chemistry. With changes to the particulates in the filter as well.”
Chuck Modlin has reconfirmed the “solid light” aspect more recently with the MUFON board member who had contacted me.  I am hopeful that an updated report will be issued by MUFON on this intriguing case, that will more fully reflect the “solid light” aspects.

The old and the new of UFO research continue to intrigue me in so many different ways.


(Text from my "OZ Files" column in "UFO Truth" magazine issue 31, May-June, 2018)

Wednesday, June 13, 2018

UFO "hot zones" - deja-vu & the Tyringham UFO flap

A recent article "Were Humans Used as Guinea Pigs at Skinwalker Ranch as part of the secret Pentagon UFO program?" by "Red Pill Junkie" on the excellent Daily Grail site once again gave me a strong sense of UFO deja-vu, a theme I visited on this site back on 28 January 2007.  I wrote back then:
"We talked about a subject close to my heart, namely the phenomenon of intense localised UFO flaps.
It is the sense of the classic mainstay of the scientific method, namely the repeatable experiment, that attracted me to try to confront the reality behind UFO flaps. Here was the opportunity for researchers to witness UFO phenomena directly rather than just replying on UFO witness testimony."
For me the opportunity to interact with the UFO phenomenon in the form of an unfolding intense localised UFO flap came in 1973 while I was attending the University of New England at Armidale New South Wales (NSW) doing a science degree majoring in chemistry and mathematics. I developed an informal network and we soon started getting reports passed through to us. I was by then "UFO central" on the university campus for UFO reports. Reports came in from the north coast and New England regions of NSW.
"A local area electronics technician who lived near the small village of Tyringham contacted me about strange lights seen over the local area by local people. Some had been photographed and they were sometimes seen to be landing nearby. I began a detailed investigation and discovered that an intense localised UFO flap was unfolding, which ultimately would have me witnessing a broad spectrum of some of strange phenomena involved (including strange agile lights in the night sky, aerial objects, auditory phenomena, and seemingly paranormal phenomena) The investigation and my own experiences convinced me that something quite extraordinary was going on, but it also seemed bizarrely elusive.
"So when I learnt of the "Skinwalker" ranch saga being played out in Utah and the elusive but confronting phenomena being encountered there, I certainly experienced a strong sense of deja vu. The key scientist involved in the attempt to scientifically examined the Utah ranch events Dr. Colm Kelleher teamed up with Las Vegas journalist George Knapp to write the book "Hunt for the Skinwalker". Even though I would have preferred to read more of the science involved the book provides a provocative insight into intense UFO flap activity."
I was able to show George Knapp around Sydney back in June 2007 when he lectured in Sydney.
I revisited this theme in 2010 in an article in the Australian Ufologist magazine - "Australian UFO 'Hot Zones' - The Tyringham Experience".  I included the introduction to the article on this blog site back in December 2010 :
"During September 2010 I took the opportunity to visit an old favourite UFO haunt of mine. I drove up from Coffs Harbour on the north coast of New South Wales, through Dorrigo, and onto Tyringham. Here was a very small community of a few houses and a store on the back road between Grafton and Armidale, which for me back in 1973, became an extraordinary experience of what it was like to be caught up in a real UFO “hot zone.”

What I call UFO “hot zones” are those areas where an extraordinary depth of the UFO phenomenon is experienced. They are also UFO flap areas but are more accurately viewed as very localised “UFO flaps.” Such areas offer us an extraordinary opportunity. One of the more frustrating aspects of the UFO phenomenon is its unpredictability. One of the mainstays of the scientific method is the repeatable experiment. In the case of an unpredictable and elusive phenomenon this is rather hard to organise. Occasionally UFO phenomena occur in specific localities for an extended period. Such areas continue to regularly reveal manifestations of the UFO mystery and provide researchers like myself tantalising but generally frustrating opportunities to attempt real science. The challenge for researchers is to locate such areas and to participate in an organised and instrumented way to document flaps in an objective manner. Such strategies provide researchers with potent opportunities for interacting with the UFO phenomenon.
While I have investigated many localised flap areas such as the Blue Mountains near Sydney, Kempsey, Coonabarabran, St. George, Tully, and Leitchville-Echuca, and gathered information about others such as the Grampians, Wycliffe Well and Toowoomba, none came close to the intensity of personal experience that I experienced during the 1973 Tyringham flap."


Thursday, March 01, 2018

AATIP, BAASS, AAVS, UAPS & UFOs - a tipping point?

Because the Australian Ufologist sadly ceased print publication my column "Science and the UFO Controversy" did not appear in print form. Ufologist editor Robert Frola had prepared the final issue but circumstances led to the decision to cease publication. Robert has kindly provided a PDF version of that final copy.  So here is my final column for the Ufologist magazine.

Recent developments in the AATIP Pentagon study saga suggest that open scientific analysis and sharing of data is not going to be a major priority of the agenda being played out in the short to near term.  Instead, it seems very limited releases of information that fall short of worthwhile data, seems to be what to expect.  In this column, I describe attempts to understand what happened in a very specific affair which involved Robert Bigelow, BAASS and MUFON in the time window that was concurrent with the rollout of the AATIP/BAASS programme - the Port Jervis "EM"/"solid light" encounter.  Were the more intriguing and probative aspects of this incident minimised in its public outings because of the BAASS/AATIP connection and its possible contributions to potentially disruptive technological breakthroughs - namely the ability to affect motor vehicles and manipulate light analogues - namely "solid light."

I've attempted to find out, but I've been advised that Luis Elizondo, the head of the AATIP programme from 2010, and who confirms having a great working relationship with Robert Bigelow and BAASS, will not be responding to specific researcher enquiry issues for the foreseeable future, rather only media-related outings of the To the Stars Academy (TTSA) agenda will be the focus.  As BAASS has shown that their data is not readily available and its propriety Bigelow/BAASS anyway, open scientific sharing doesn't seem to be a priority in this dynamic.

So if there is anyone out there that can shed light on this curious affair - the 2009 Port Jervis case and it's potential fallout - please contact me - billozfiles@tpg.com.au

Luis Elizondo appears to be an interesting asset for potentially moving the UFO subjective in positive directions but the apparent agenda of TTSA and BAASS seem to preclude any substantial open and transparent scientific dialogue, at a coherent level that might allow serious open and meaningful scientific analysis.  I hope things change in a more positive way.

My column:








Thursday, December 28, 2017

“Three Minutes in June” and “No Return” – beginnings of the alien UFO mystery?

Here I comment on the UFO news of the moment, review 2 good UFO books - "Three Minutes in June" by Bruce Maccabee & "No Return" by David Booher, then reveal some regional "high strangeness" in Papua, Indonesia, Australia & New Zealand, reflect on a great mate - David Buching - and his tilts with "high strangeness", plus reveal my own "alien" origins down under in Oz:
The end of 2017 saw UFO researchers contemplating the deeper implications and fallout of the revelation of a secret Pentagon UFO study and what may be the beginnings of a tipping point in a more mature and sensible UFO debate, along with a more serious response from mainstream media.  The coming months should reveal if these are truly significant developments or passing aberrations.  On available information the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program run by military intelligence veteran Luis Elizondo, mediated by what seem fascinating and intriguing UFO or UAP events (such as the 2004 US aircraft carrier Nimitz F/A-18F fighter encounter) and close connections with Robert Bigelow’s aerospace company (and his “Skinwalker” ranch “high strangeness” milieu) may bring about some positive changes.  I was especially taken by US Senator Harry Reid’s comments, “The truth is out there. Seriously.  If anyone says they have the answers, they’re fooling themselves.  We don’t know the answers but we have plenty of evidence to support asking the questions. This is about science and national security. If America doesn’t take the lead in answering these questions, others will.”  Given my exposure to UFO/UAP research in places like China, I would suggest that perhaps others already have.
While we examine such interesting new developments we should also reconsider the data and events that may better inform our understanding of this fascinating phenomenon, including ones that occurred decades ago.
In this context 2017 also saw two watershed events (from 1947 and 1959) get impressive outings in book form – “Three Minutes in June – the UFO Sighting that changed” by Dr. Bruce Maccabee (Richard Dolan Press) and “No Return – the Gerry Irwin story – UFO Abduction or Covert Operation?” by David Booher (Anomalist Books) – each in their own ways potent “tipping points” for aspects of the UFO mystery.  The first of these is more obvious, the second seems more like a hidden jewel that now seems to be shining in the light of providential renewed focus and attention.  Both books deserve your attention.
In “Three Minutes in June” Bruce Maccabee gives an excellent account of the famous Kenneth Arnold sighting of 9 strange objects flying near Mount Rainer in Washington state on 24 June 1947 – “the first widely publicized flying saucer report.”  Bruce Maccabee, a physicist and long time UFO researcher, argues, “careful analysis, based on the high quality of the observations made during this sighting, has shown that the objects couldn’t be explained as anything other than flying objects not made by mankind! In other words, when properly analyzed, as demonstrated in great detail (in the book), the witness’ testimony leads us to conclude that we are not alone and that some of the hundreds or thousands of unexplainable sightings that occurred afterward and even up to the present day confirm this discovery.”
 
Dr. Maccabee presents a compelling case strengthened by his detailed analytical history of the Arnold sighting and review of proposed explanations, including aircraft, weather phenomena, meteors and pelicans. He mentions a number of possibly supportive sightings, along with detailed coverage of the most compelling of these – a sighting of 5 or 6 objects by prospector Fred Johnson.  Bruce Maccabee writes, “He provided specific details. He described high speed, large angle tilting during flight, unusual semi-circular shape, tail wobbling back and forth, lack of noise and the apparent magnetic effect on his compass.”
Kenneth Arnold’s sighting and the wave of sightings that quickly followed ushered in the modern era of “flying saucers”, UFOs or UAPs. Dr. Bruce Maccabee with his book “Three Minutes in June” provides an excellent insight into the sighting “that changed the world.”  I recommend this book.
Australia was visited by similar aerial phenomena several months before Kenneth Arnold’s famous sighting.  Bruce Maccabee was unaware of these sightings from down under, but were eventually sighted by local researcher Keith Basterfield in 2011, who documented them more widely.  Eventually the February 1947 sightings got a fuller treatment in the final chapter (“Giant Flying Eggs”) of Chris Aubeck and Martin Shough’s book “Return to Magonia – Investigating UFOs in History” (Anomalist Books, 2015).  What is striking is that they mirror the basic content of Arnold’s sighting but because they apparently went unnoticed outside of Australia they did not get the exposure of the June 1947 events. (Consult the above sources for the original February 1947 newspaper references).
At least one attentive letter writer in July 1947 wrote to the South Australian newspaper, the “Adelaide Advertiser” (10 July 1947):
“Seeing things”
“Early in February, some queer egg-shaped objects, pink and slightly luminous, were seen to pass across the sky near Port Augusta, but this phenomenon was hardly so much as a nine day’s wonder, for a South Australian amateur astronomer was ready with a plausible theory about meteors, which most people promptly accepted.  We now know that, in the slang of the moment, Port Augusta “started something.”  The egg-shaped apparitions about which South Australia was mildly excited five months since, were plainly the harbingers of those “flying saucers” that have been creating such a sensation in America.
“Our trans-Pacific cousins have seldom given their imaginations so much play.  Multitudes of people have seen the new hosts of heaven flying across the sky in the likeness of saucers; and those who have seen nothing, have been ready to make amends by offering explanations of ever increasing fantasy.  It was left to a Sydney physiologist to point out that “flying saucers” are likely to be nothing worse than red corpuscles in the eye of the observer, and several American and British scientists having hastened to agree that this is a valid theory, the greatest known epidemic of “seeing things” may fairly be supposed to be on the wane.” 
Well, things didn’t wane and whatever was going on continued apace and took on varied forms and degrees of strangeness and wonder. The following book looks at one such strange wonder with a very discerning eye.
  
David Booher’s “No Return – the Gerry Irwin story – UFO Abduction or Covert Operation?” is an excellent insight into a genuine mystery, which may have been the earliest publicised account in the United States of an alien abduction.  I thoroughly enjoyed this book as it took me on an informative and intelligent exploration of an event that had long intrigued me but which had received little attention.  David Booher’s efforts certainly revealed the benefits of a detailed focus on one story combined with persistence. 
The book blurb tells the basic story:
“On a lonesome road in Utah, a young soldier returning from leave speeds through the desert night. Suddenly the sky lights up as a blazing object streaks across the highway and crashes nearby. Stunned, the soldier stops and decides to investigate. Little does he know, but his life will never be the same again.             
This is the true story of a man named Gerry Irwin. Following a mysterious experience in Utah in (February)1959, inexplicable blackouts and bizarre behavior threatened to derail his promising Army career. Then one day he suddenly deserted his Army post in Texas and disappeared without a trace. No one knows what became of him—until now.
“What happened to Gerry Irwin? Was he abducted by aliens, in what would amount to the first known case of this phenomenon on American soil? Or was he a pawn in a covert intelligence operation? And how does his story really end? A new investigation launched in 2013 attempts to answer these and other questions, revealing along the way the ordeal of a man whose mind was ravaged by a confrontation with the unknown.”
 The chapter breakdown gives some insight into what is a marvellous book which rewards close reading:
Chapter 1: A Detour on the Road to Bliss
Chapter 2: A Blast from the Past
Chapter 3: A Salmon Runs Through It
Chapter 4: BREAKING: UTAH MYSTERY ‘VICTIM’ AWAKE
Chapter 5: The Crucible of the Unknown
Chapter 6: Atom Bombs and Space Brothers
Chapter 7: Alien Abduction and APRO
Chapter 8: Two Locations
Chapter 9: No Return
Chapter 10: The United States v. Gerry Irwin
Chapter 11: Amnesia from Space?
Chapter 12: A Saucerful of Spies
Chapter 13: The Jung-Lorenzen Letters—Converging Clues
Chapter 14: Moving On
Chapter 15: Abduction Revisited
Yes, Carl Jung corresponded with APRO’s Coral Lorenzen.  I’m not going to spoil your journey with this excellent book by describing its contents. 
I will say, it's a wonderful thing that we have the likes of Patrick Huyghe and his publishing firm Anomalist Books.  It provides an outlet for worthwhile books that would otherwise have to run the gauntlet of a publishing world that usually casts aside such thoughtful books.  Luckily there are a growing number of outlets for such books, such as Richard Dolan Press (which published Richard’s own books, Bruce Maccabee’s “Three Minutes in June”, Mike Clelland’s fascinating book “The Messengers: Owls, Synchronicity, and the UFO Abductee”, “Russia’s USO Secrets” by Paul Stonehill & Philip Mantle, David Marler’s “Triangular UFOs – An Estimate of the Situation” and others), Philip Mantle’s Flying Disk Press (which has published intriguing books like “UFOs over Romania”, “UFOs over Poland”, “UFOs Today”, “The Rendlesham File” and republished “UFO Contact at Pascagoula”) and John Hanson’s Haunted Skies Publishing which brings you the wonderful “Haunted Skies” series and the massive book “The Halt Perspective”.  Thank you to these publishers and others of similar mentalities, as well as the wonderful authors whose books take flight through them. 
It hardly a criticism, but I think David Booher’s book and the side of the scales he eventually tilts to would have gotten benefit from exploring the international UFO scene in 1959 in more depth.  
Best known are perhaps Reverend Bill Gill’s famous witnessed sightings at Boianai, Papua New Guinea of 26-27th June 1959 and the UFO wave sweeping the territories there. See for example my OZ Files blog essay “Rev William Gill and the 1959 Boianai Visitants – what he saw and what he believed” (January 19, 2015) at http://theozfiles.blogspot.com.au/2015/01/rev-william-gill-and-1959-boianai.html
Less well known, but certainly well attested in their country of origin are the extraordinary encounters on Alor Island in Nusa Tenggara Timur Province of Indonesia during July 1959. They were published in an Indonesian book by J. Salatun, a high profile military man and politician in that country.  He was a focal point of UFO study in Indonesia.  So he received a report from the investigating police officer of these intriguing events.  Salatun’ informant was the head of the police office in the Alor islands area when the strange events happened. He reported there were “six aliens” who came to the area. They had long arms, wavy silver coloured hair.  Some even had beards. These entities wore blue clothes with high collars, belts with some grey cylindrical stick and shoes that look like black military boots. Some local people indicated the entities appeared to searching for something. Information indicated that a six-year-old child was apparently kidnapped and then returned in confused state to a field area. Incredibly, some policemen waited for the return of the entities.  Upon their return the police shoot at them (from around 13 metres distance).  The police were astonished when none of the entities appeared to be injured by the gun-fire nor was any dead bodies found, despite the close proximity. They found some trees that had fallen down and some footprints, which ended after about five metres. Local witnesses reported that they saw an oval white-glowing unidentified flying object flying fast west to east over the sea after the strange encounters. 
Strange events were occurring in Australia and New Zealand as well around this time. 
Three men - Bob L., "Yo Yo" W., and Brian K. - experienced a rather more ominous encounter on the outskirts of Cooktown, Queensland, on May 17th, 1959.  They were crocodile hunting by boat in a swamp area.  By 4.30 am, they had shot 3 or 4 crocs, when their attention was attracted to a piercing humming.  A huge circular object suddenly came into view.  It hovered at about tree top level some 100 yards away.  The object, estimated to be about 50 yards across, appeared to be football shaped with a band of half moon shaped windows.  It seemed to be issuing some sort of vapour.   The sighting lasted some 20 minutes, during which time the men mostly lay hidden in long grass.  Brian K. and W. stood up during the sighting.  The UFO eventually moved in a semi circle, then rose slowly and disappeared at high speed.  All three men discussed the extraordinary event, but agreed not to talk to anybody about it. 
Bob L. alleges all manner of severe physical effects as a consequence of this experience.  He alleges that Brian K. died shortly after the sighting.  He feels it was due to fact that K. stood up during the incident. He does not know what happened to W.  Bob alleges the encounter led to loss of the use of his legs, severe headaches, sporadic loss of vision, and speech impairment beyond an existing speech impediment problem.  He has had extensive hospitalisation and some institutionalisation, all of which he links directly and indirectly to his experience in 1959.   I interviewed Bob L. during 1976.  He was still suffering from a severe speech impediment, however the UFO event and post event history was told with some lucidity, albeit with difficulty.   Whether the post event traumas were in anyway connected with the 1959 incident it is now impossible to determine.  Too many complicating circumstances made the determination of any cause and effect relationship untenable. 
Police in country New South Wales also witnessed unearthly apparitions during this period.  A police constable operating out of the Burren Junction station sent the following account to the RAAF:    
"...On the night of ...7th July 1959 at 9.20 pm, I was patrolling the stock route about 12 miles due south, south east from Burren Junction in my car.  I saw a bright red light in the sky and stopped my car on the side of the road, alighted and observed that the bright red light was or appeared to be an object of a kind.  It was reddish on top and from the bottom shone a very bright to blood red light.  This came out in a cone shape from the bottom and thinning out in the middle of the cone.  It hovered over the trees, backward and forward, and sideways.   It did not appear to be very high in the sky and I fully expected the object or light to pass over my vehicle at any moment... It appeared to go away slowly to the West, North West and went out of sight.  I could see it for some distance going away. 
"At the time I thought to myself it was so strange that no person would believe me if I told them about it.  At 9 pm (sic? presumably 10 pm - B.C.) I was inspecting stock about 3 miles further on down the road (after I had kept this object under observations for at least 10 to 15 minutes).  I mentioned the subject to a Mr. B___ who was in charge of the stock, and with two young lads who were droving with him, he told me that he saw (a) strange object near the roadway on the stock route.  He said that at about 7 am that morning he mentioned to the boys, what was the big grey cattle float doing on the side of the road.  He didn't think anymore about it, but later the two boys rode their horses within several hundred yards of what they thought was a float and stated that they saw a large grey thing, which looked like a triangle on the bottom with a dome on top.  They stood watching for several minutes and then became almost frightened, when suddenly the dome disappeared and then the bottom as if by magic".
In New Zealand things were also getting weird. At about 5.30 am, July 13th, 1959, on a Blenheim property, Eileen Moreland was by torch light just starting to round up her cow herd for milking.   Halfway across the paddock she noticed that the area had become bathed in an usual green glow.    Mrs. Moreland looked up to find the source, where upon she observed two green lights, "like eyes", appear through the thick layer of cloud.  The lights were circled by a band of orange lights. 
Mrs. Moreland fled to the shelter of a line of pine trees bordering the property.  She was able to clearly see a flattish cylindrical object slowly descending from about 50 feet.  It stopped some 30 feet above the ground, some 40 yards out in the centre of the paddock. 
The object appeared to be between 7 1/2 to 8 feet high and some 20 to 25 feet in diameter.   It had two circumferential rows of orange-green "jets" set into bands at the top and bottom of the main body of the object.   When the object stopped and began to hover steadily, the jets shut off and reappeared at a slight angle.  These began to counter-rotate at high speed, to a point that the bands of lights resembled "halos".  A loud humming noise was heard.
Mrs. Moreland was disturbed when she saw that the strange aerial object appeared to be occupied.  Inside a clear dome-like structure on top, she could see two seated figures.  They appeared to be dressed in almost skin-tight metallic suits with large silvered helmets.  One of the "men" suddenly stood up and leaned forward on his hands.  He appeared to be observing something between himself and the other figure.  The "man" seemed to be a little over five feet in height.   No facial detail could be made out, as he was not facing in her direction and the large helmet covered from shoulder to shoulder.  This "man" then sank back to his former position.
The object then tilted slightly and began to rise vertically.  It disappeared at high speed into the cloud cover.   A high-pitched whine - an "unbearable" screech - accompanied the UFOs departure.  Within a moment a wave of warm air reached Mrs. Moreland, along with a "strange hot pepper smell of ozone." 
Mrs. Moreland's husband was an Air Force officer.  He encouraged her to report the experience.   RNZAF officers visited the area and allegedly detected residual radiation where the UFO had been.  Mrs. Moreland underwent audiotone readings supervised by Air Force personnel, which estimated the noise levels of the object at 15,000 cycles (hovering noise) and 150,000 cycles (high pitched screaming, climbing noise).
Several days after the encounter, Mrs. Moreland's hands began to swell and get puffy.  Her wedding ring became painfully tight and had to be cut off.  The swelling gradually subsided.  Brown pigmented areas developed on her face.  These persisted for some time, the last blotch, over her right eyebrow, washed off 6 years later.
A row of fruit trees that were situated beneath the position of the hovering object, died, and had to be pulled out.  Grass in the area grew at much faster rate, to a greater height and much greener colour, than surrounding grass.
It wasn’t until 2010 that restricted NZ Air Force files were released that revealed how strange things actually got with this case.  For detail see my 2011 report on my OZ Files blog “The Moreland Revelations” at http://theozfiles.blogspot.com.au/2011/09/moreland-revelations.html   
Here is a taste of that “high strangeness”:
Commanding officer Gainsford added in his 20th August 1959 communication to the Air Department in Wellington, "Flt. Lt. Jennings has spent considerable private time on this matter, is convinced that Mrs. Moreland is genuine, and is an extremely worried person. He is prepared to turn out at any hour of the day or night to personally investigate further incidents."
Officer Jennings undertook a detailed interview with Mrs. Moreland on 23 July 1959 preparing a 5-page hand written report. Therein annotated to his conclusion that, "Mrs. Moreland gave every evidence of being completely sincere ..." Jennings apparently later added "Can I get more out of her??" Well, later evidence detailed from 1979 internal RNZAF commentaries certainly revealed that he did indeed get "more" out of her, and it was this material that changed matters for the military, raising the investigation to TOP SECRET, but the actual documents involved were censored from the 2010/11 file release. What remained in the immediate 1959 folios were tantalising. Folio 15A shows a human type figure in a bulky suit with the large helmet described in the earlier material, but now with some suggestions of facial detail, and various items shown. Officer Jennings various "NOTE FOR FILE" folios that are uncensored refer to the medical for Mrs. Moreland was for the purposes of checking "for exposure to radiation." Further they mention than on Thursday 13th August Mrs. Moreland had again detected the "smell of burnt pepper" that had been noted during the 13th July encounter. Officer Jennings was planning to visit the area the following Thursday "at about 0330 - 0400 hours and remain until daylight. I shall take a geiger counter with me." 
We have to move on to 1979 folios in the NZ government UFO files to get some of the other more tantalising details. A civilian researcher Colin Emery had pressed Mrs. Moreland and the Ministry of Defence for the release of files on the Moreland case, citing a coverup, and claiming "the government has had confirmation of the sighting from the Air Force and (was calling) for the findings to be made public." The official files do not reveal what Amery's "confirmation" consisted of, but this aspect is alluded to in Peter Hassall's 1998 book "The NZ files - UFOs in New Zealand"“(Amery) received information from two sources who refused to be identified. They both worked at Blenheim’s Woodbourne airbase in the 1950s and had been sworn to secrecy. One claimed that the wife of a squadron leader heard a jet engine-type noise between 5.30 and 6.00 a.m on 13 July 1959. Checks later showed no aircraft had taken off that early. Had she heard the UFO Mrs. Moreland saw as it departed? The other retired airman said he saw a blue light that descended from the sky about 5.00 a.m. the same morning. He reported it to his superiors after the furore broke over Mrs. Moreland’s report. Twenty years later they were still too scared to speak openly due to the possible legal penalties.” Mrs. Moreland’s encounter took place between 0530 – 0545 on Monday 13th July 1959.
The 1979 Defence file note referring to the Amery enquiry (and one by Radio NZ) had a handwritten internal note: “Mrs. Moreland was the lady who sighted the U.F.O. in 1959. Airforce person also reported the sighting.” Is this last note confirmation of the Amery claims? The Defence UFO file folios do not confirm that, but the internal deliberations about whether to respond to the mounting public enquiries about the case in 1979 reveal some of the censored 1959 details! In a memo dated 1 March 1979 by Air Marshal R.B. Bolt, Chief of Defence Staff wrote to the Minister of Defence revealing the following fascinating detail:
“3. (Mrs. Moreland’s) initial story was to the effect that she had only seen a craft descend, hover and then ascend.  She subsequently told the investigating officer (presumably officer Jennings – B.C.) about the landing of the man, who she described as “like any other man” as far as she could tell, though his left hand was “missing below the wrist”.
“4. Mrs. Moreland claimed to have smelt the peppery smell on several subsequent occasions and to have seen the light again in March 1960…. A rash of small “blisters” which appeared on her some days after her encounter on 13 July was examined by an Air Force doctor in order to determine whether it might be radiation-induced; the doctor, however, concluded that it was probably allergic in origin.
“5. The evidence suggests that Mrs. Moreland was in an emotionally unstable condition at the time. She was also the subject of considerable publicity much of which was of a derogatory nature, due in part to a press statement which she issued herself.”
Air Marshal Bolt had prepared some further briefing material for the Minister of Defence which summarised the fuller and previously suppressed information about the Moreland encounter:
“On 13 July 1959 a woman living near Blenheim reported that between 5-6 a.m. that morning she had seen an oval-shaped object, measuring 20 yards across and 4 or 5 feet through, descend before her. She was caught in a green light produced by two beams shining from beneath the vehicle and was unable to move. The vehicle was manned by two men, wearing silvery suits and helmets, one of whom descended from it and came over to her. He shouted at her in a foreign language. In a fright she hit out with her torch and ran for nearby trees. The man reboarded the vehicle, which was hovering some 10 -12 feet from the ground. It then ascended straight up into the sky emitting a high-pitched whistle and leaving a patch of hot air and a smell like that of burnt pepper. Another witness later reported seeing an unidentified light at about the same time.”
A minute sheet dated 6/3/79 on the “Moreland sighting” from “RO(H) to D.B.G. McLean, the Secretary of Defence, added, “The security classification of the matter was raised from confidential to secret following (officer Jennings') main interview with her in which she claimed that a man had landed and shouted at her in a foreign language. (The investigating officer (Jennings – B.C.) thought the words she heard might have been Russian!!)."
Disclosure of the material at that stage in 1979 rested on whether Mrs. Moreland would agree to the details being released. Secretary McLean contacted her and she wrote back, indicating she had remarried, and confirmed she did not want her privacy being affected again. She added, “I do not feel that the public should be told everything that is secret, just because someone feels that they should. A lot of harm has been done in the past, throughout the world for just that feeling. If you have knowledge of the full events of that awful morning, you will realise, that to suggest that the U.F.O. people are friendly is a laugh, as I know full well, and there is also the matter of the language. The media would have a ball that’s for sure.” Mrs. Moreland added, after reiterating she did not want the material released “for as long as I feel that it should not be,” “Perhaps in another 20 years it will all be “old hat” and no one will ever remember me or it.”
Well it seems the files remember her and some of the hidden details despite the censorship. Is it likely that the censored files contain further information that may explain more clearly what happened that “awful morning?” Lets hope we don’t have until 2040 to find out! The material so far released suggests there may still be more to learn of the events on the Moreland farm near Blenheim in the south Island of New Zealand back in 1959. Did it involve a close encounter that had a more direct impact on the RNZAF than we directly know to date? Or was it about the fears and concerns of the time. After all, the Cold War was being played out. The Petrov Affair in nearby Australia in 1954 had led to the Russian Embassy being closed and relations severed. This situation thawed in 1959 when relations resumed. Was the Blenheim encounter in 1959 seriously considered as the “Russians are coming!” Mighty strange those “Ruskies” caught up in the web of the Moreland revelations.

  
The Moreland "man"                                                Carl Hidgon's "visitant"
When I read the curious detail that described the entity Mrs. Moreland encountered as having no left hand, I immediatedly thought of the strange entity reported in the bizarre Carl Higdon abduction, which occurred in Wyoming during 1974. A detailed account of this weird affair was provided by Dr. Leo Sprinkle in "UFOs and the Behavioural Scientist" (1979), edited by Dr. Richard Haines. 
These sorts of 1959 events in Papua, Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand would, I think, shift the scales in strange directions in what might of happened to Gerry Irwin in Utah during 1959.
In terms of the “fractured memories” that Gerry Irwin endured, this distressing and confusing element is of course no stranger in UFO encounters.
Consider the following two Australian cases.  I think they have a lot in common with Gerry Irwin’s strange experience.  David Booher mentions one other Australian case I investigated – the very strange “interrupted journey” of a Finnish couple travelling near Gladstone Queensland in 1971, so I’ll leave you to discover that case via his book, then you can get more detail from my 1996 book “The OZ Files – the Australian UFO story”.
1978 was a memorable year for UFO activity in Australia. Activity had been building up all year. The year got off to a spectacular start with a vivid and prolonged close encounter at Bakers Creek Falls, near Armidale, NSW.
 
This is the strange experience of Gary P. on the Old Grafton Armidale road, during January, 1978, which I detailed in "Australian UFO Newsletter".
During the early hours of January 10, 1978, Gary P. observed two UFOs about 10 miles out of Grafton, along the Old Armidale Road.  One of the objects approached and seemed to be slowly moving down the side of a mountain.  It seemed to periodically issue a "shower of sparks."  This sighting apparently lasted for about 20 minutes.
It is the interim journey, that follows, that is of interest here.  Gary P. found himself, in his Kombi, stopped on the road, at about 5a.m.  To his left, was an incredibly bright object, hovering some distance away, in the direction of Bakers Creek Falls.  How did he come to find himself in this position?  I quote from my report:
Mr P.'s perception of time from leaving Grafton, up until he finds himself at Bakers Creek Falls - a distance of about a hundred miles - is certainly not clear.  He thought the first sighting, out of Grafton, occurred a long time out of Grafton, but apparently, after retracing his route, he is certain that it occurred only about 10 miles out of the town.  He thought it was only a few minutes after leaving the first UFO sighting behind that he saw `a group of hunters' gathered around a fire beside the road, but his reconstruction, upon returning along that road, places these `hunters' a good three quarters of an hour in time after this.  Then he felt it was 10 or 15 minutes before he finds himself at Bakers Creek Falls.  His second trip along that road put it at about an hour and a half.  In fact, he cannot even recollect driving the distance between seeing the `hunters' and turning up at Bakers Creek Falls.  Although it is common for people to drive long distances without recollection of the trip, this particular road would seemingly preclude it.  For much of its distance, it is dirt gravel surface, which winds its way up into plateau country.  The road twists and turns and, even when it finally gives way to a bitumen surface, it still requires complete attention to travel it safely.  Having driven up and down this road many times myself, I find it astonishing that someone, not having travelled it before, would not have a vivid memory of a fairly bad road.  In fact, without recall to total faculties, I would expect that a weary traveller would instead find himself parting company with the road in many places.
Mr P.'s recollection of the hunters and the surrounding locality may place it at Tyringham - a small community about half-way between Grafton and Armidale.  Here, in 1973, I investigated what appears to have been one of the most intensive UFO flaps ever experienced in Australia.  Mr P. did not stop and share his adventure with the `hunters' as he felt he may have been ridiculed and the hour may not have been amenable to safe roadside meetings with strangers.  Shortly after this, he recollected seeing `the same thing again - these yellow objects out in a paddock,' but he was not certain.  He continued on without any recall of what happened until just outside Armidale, at Bakers Creek Falls.
My interview with Mr P. tells what happened:
"What happens was - next recollection was that I'm stopped on the side of the road, and I'm looking out to the left this time, and what I'm looking at is an incredibly bright...what I thought was a chicken farm...and I'm looking at this thing and was watching it for a good 10 minutes and there was nothing happening...I just couldn't believe it, but how bright this thing was...and I was about to take off...I actually lined this the chicken coop - (this thing) what I actually saw, was that the chicken coop moved!"
After a lengthy diversion with an unco-operative "witness," (wherein he tried to flag down a car that drove past 3 times), Gary P. set off into the paddock to get closer to the extraordinary object he was seeing.  However, as he got nearer, the object seemed to retreat into the extensive fog that surrounded it.  Gary P. eventually found his way to the Falls area and saw the fog retreating out of the ravine.  Suddenly, the fog stopped and Gary P. was shocked to then see that the fog was now returning along its original path towards him.  It quickly enveloped him, reducing visibility to less than 10 feet.  The return of the fog was accompanied by a sound similar to that of a vacuum cleaner.  A column through the mist could be made out above him where he could see the sky.  The fog then quickly dissipated, along with the sound, leaving Gary P. alone at the falls. 
He waited until morning then returned to the car.  Standing at the car, he noticed what he described as two "shockwaves," one minute apart, which were like the whole area being suddenly shaken. Then normality, 7.05 a.m. and morning.  Gary P. was profoundly affected by this experience.  I had no doubt about his veracity and was impressed with his account.
I could add many more cases that resonate with Gerry Irwin’s strange 1959 experience, but I will leave you with a very strange Australian story that is not well known.  Like Gerry Irwin’s “fractured memories” the weirder aspects emerged in strange ways.  The case was investigated by my late friend David Buching.  I wrote it up and it was published initially in the 1976 catalogue of Close Encounters of the Third Kind compiled by Keith Basterfield and myself.
David Buching in my study (2008)
Bill Chalker & David Buching 
interviewing a witness near Tyringham in 1973
1974, June 7th, near Lake George, Goulburn area of New South Wales:
An elderly famer Mr. L., had woken up and gone outside his caravan accommodation to relieve himself.  Upon return to his caravan bunker, he was lying down looking through the window admiring the clear moonlit night.  It was about 11 p.m.  Suddenly he noticed a “shining thing moving in the sky.” He looked again but could not see it moving.  Then it moved again.  He thought, “That’s a sputnik!  It moved and then I saw that it wasn’t like a sputnik.  For all that matter it looked for all the world like a long pipe, or a rocket or something like that.”
The object, estimated relatively to be about half a finger at arms length in diameter, moved very slowly across the sky for about a mile.  It stopped, then suddenly out of one end shot a “falling star.”  It went right over the back of the caravan, towards the south-east, heading in the direction of Lake George.  Mr. L. began to think it was indeed a star falling, but it stopped abruptly before it reached the horizon and appeared to hover there for 2 or 3 minutes.  Then suddenly it appeared to be coming closer and closer. 
In about 5 or 6 seconds, the thing had approached to within about two miles over the neighboring property, hovering at about 2-3,000 feet and changing colour to red. 
L. was now shaking with fear. The object now appeared to be a “perfect” sphere with a “fiery red colour.”  It then swooped down and appeared to skim just over the top of a hill in the direction of Lake George, then moving very slowly and stopping again.  The farmer started watching the object through binoculars, seeing it turn end or end.  Armed with them he went out into the cold frosty night, accompanied by his dog.  He could see it much better.  “It was just like a big ball … it was the biggest bloody thing I had ever seen in all my life.  A white light on it started flashing and there appeared to be a purple light underneath it.
The object then began to move again finally apparently landing behind trees several miles away.
Mr. L. understandably did not want to go closer, so he returned to the caravan.  Upon lying down he saw that the original cylinder was still there high in the sky.  By 3 a.m. it was gone.
Mr. L. ventured out again with his dog and starts walking over to where the huge sphere appeared to have landed.  On top of a hill apparently several miles from the caravan he began to smell smoke.  More than one dog started to bark from the direction of where the sphere had landed. As he approached L. heard someone shout, “Shut up… shut up,” in a very decisive way.  The dogs stopped barking.  L. decided to not “bust up” what was going on. L. described it as “sheer bedlam” in the assumed UFO landing area that was obscured from his view.  Later he was later surprised that no one else in the area hear or observed anything unusual.  Cattle and dogs all around the area were apparently making a terrific noise and a horse in foal on a neighboring property “was fairly screaming.”  He could hear cattle pounding all over the place He heard dogs bark a few more times and by 6 am it started to get light.  With better light he found an area burnt and smoking for a distance of 200 yards, but nothing else. Whatever or whoever was causing the disturbance was gone.
L. related this experience to David Buching in an interview in January 1975, which showed two things. L. exhibited profound fear and anxiety while relating his experience, particularly in attempting to describe the size of the sphere, and there were large discrepancies and gaps in the narrative. Some of these aspects upset the witness considerably.  It seemed he was attempting to describe a real event, but parts of the experienced remained unrevealed.  In the wake of these disclosures L. became increasingly apprehensive and seemed to becoming mildly paranoid.  His daughter, fearing he might do himself harm, had him examined.  This resulted in L. being eventually committed to a mental institution where he was diagnosed with mild paranoia and schizophrenia, apparently because he was claiming to see “invisible spacemen” near him.
David Buching was naturally concerned about the welfare of the farmer and visited the institution.  He was shown treatment notes, but when he volunteered that he was not a treating doctor but rather a UFO researcher he was immediately asked to leave.
The treatment notes revealed that after psychiatric treatment a scenario was revealed indicating that L. may have undergone an encounter with a UFO and its occupants.  This information seemed to fill in many of the gaps that were evident in his lucid interview with David Buching in January 1975.
Here is the story that emerged from David Buching’s recollections of the treatment notes.  L. told doctors the spherical object had apparently come down behind trees at the back of his property.  L. alleged he walked for about 4 miles and approached the huge object which seemed to be hovering just above the ground.  L. described approaching the object to within 300 yards with his terrified dog in his arms.  He then began to look at the object through his binoculars.  Then “men” (3 or 4), described as being 8 to 9 feet tall and wearing glowing “silver” suits covering their whole bodies up to the neck, came from behind the object and floated to the ground.  There were no apparent facial features discernable, and the heads seemed rather small in relation to the rest of their bodies.
The “men” slid around the object apparently watching things.  Then a “chute” came down from the side of the object.  What seemed to be cylindrical metal “packing cases” came down the slide. The “men” picked these up and conveyed them to the edge of the illuminated area.  Then about 40 head of black cattle came down the chute, driven away by normal looking people with dogs. Beyond that L. did not describe any further details, becoming rather vague. 
Was this experience the results of a troubled mind, complicated by psychiatric treatment.  L.  had no apparent grounding in UFO lore. The group UFOIC was no longer able to investigate this experience because the farmer’s family insisted he stay in the mental institution – a sad and confronting story, which, like some of the other stories, make one wonder if this is more about aliens or extremes in the eccentricities of the human condition, in some cases mediated by human experimentations in treatment and control – in other words the kind of questions and issues evident in the Gerry Irwin case of 1959 and the many similar cases that followed – the legacy of strange alien encounters or fractures in the human condition?
My "X-Files" profile in the Sydney Morning Herald (2010)


Contemplating my own "alien" beginnings
in 2006 at Mittagong, southern NSW, 
originally called "Chalker's Flat" after 
my English convict ancestor William Chalker/Charker, 
who within a few years of his arrival in Australia in 1802 
had become "chief constable" of Governor Macquarie's 
cow pasture (now Mittagong)



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